Ufa is the second largest city and capital of the republic of Bashkortostan within the Russian Federation. The city lies in the center-west of Bashkortostan on very steep hills forming the Samtsevsky oblast. It is the biggest port of Bashkortostan and has a port and airport complex of about eleven thousand reviews. It is an important agricultural, grain and livestock trading and industrial center. The most important industries are tobacco, grain, chemicals, metalworking, metal casting, petroleum and coal production, transportation, automobile industry, electrical goods, petroleum refining and pulp and paper mills.
The first town to develop in Ufa was the village of Novokrushchnsk. In the late parts of the 17th century, the region was under the influence of both the Ural and the Volga rivers and the Menshevsky oblast. As a result, the name of several cities including Novokrushchnsk, Nizhnik, Vorkuta, and Sheremety, as well as the village of Ufa, was named after the river or place where they were located.
The city became the administrative and economic center for the Golden Horde military tribe during the early medieval times. The main part of Ufa’s history is associated with the role of the khaki tribe, which controlled the city from the time of their decline until the dissolution of the Khvant regiment. The khaki tribe was led by Genghis Khan, who organized the army of his personal troops. The city became the headquarters of the Golden Horde, when the khaganate military governor, Batu, was unable to put an end to the civil war with the Menshevsky tribe. After the defeat of Batu at the battle of Paleavholv, the khagenate was dissolved and Ufa was taken over by the Russian Empire.
The city has a wide range of settlements. It can be located along the approaches of the Samtschivan River and the Volkhov River – the most important settlements being the village of Byarovsk, the main city of Ufa and Novokrushchensk, formerly known as Novoalsky. Other settlements include those of Dobrinishte, Labytnangi, Lisichansk, Panchinya-ladysk, and others. The region also includes the village of Oktuvai, which was founded by traders. The last significant settlement in Ufa was the main city of Novosyursk, which was founded in 1701.
Today, Ufa still constitutes a significant part of the Russian Far East. The region has become a leading industrial and agricultural centre, being home to some of Russia’s largest enterprises such as the Ural railroad and the Nizhivka Steel Plant. A number of prestigious international companies operate in Ufa. There are many holiday resorts in the area, catering to all budgets. The region has been successfully integrating Western culture and has developed into a modern industrial and commercial centre.
Many people from the United Kingdom, Australia, France, Germany, Spain, India, and many other countries have come to work in Ufa. As a result, there are plenty of job opportunities both in the town itself and in surrounding areas. However, the majority of workers in Ufa are either immigrants who come on working visas or temporary workers from abroad. The authorities in Ufa have made sure that all workers are registered and that their status is valid.